Queste sono giornate drammatiche sul fronte dell’immigrazione. Stiamo assistendo ad un esodo biblico e proprio quei Paesi che dovrebbero sentire le responsabilità maggiori stanno mostrando il volto peggiore dell’Europa: quello degli egoismi statuali e della difesa dei propri interessi. Il Mediterraneo non è solo la frontiera sud dell’Italia, è la frontiera sud dell’Europa intera che non si può commuovere di fronte ai bambini morti in mare e sbattere la porta in faccia alle donne e agli uomini che arrivano vivi sulle nostre coste.
Sono convinta che ogni rappresentante istituzionale abbia il dovere morale e politico di sollevare la questione in ogni sede per questo anche io ho presentato una risoluzione da far approvare a luglio alla prossima sessione annuale dell’Assemblea parlamentare dell’OSCE.
Il testo della risoluzione lo trovate qui.
Calling for urgent solutions to the tragedy of deaths in the Mediterranean
Principal Sponsor: Marietta Tidei (Italy)
- Taking into account the Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951, as supplemented by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967 (“The Geneva Convention”), which ensures that no one is sent back to their country of origin to face persecution, maintaining the principle of “non-refoulement”;
- recalling the Resolution on Comprehensive Migration Reform of the Baku declaration, 2015, of the OSCE parliamentary Assembly, which asks the participating States to call for a comprehensive immigration reform at the national and European level;
- taking in account that the increasing number of arrivals in the southern coasts of Europe puts in evidence the limits of the Dublin Regulation according to which the whole responsibility for receiving irregular migrants and asylum seekers is laid upon a restricted group of receiving countries (mostly Italy, Malta, Greece, Turkey, Spain);
- recalling also the previous Resolutions of the OSCE parliamentary Assembly which consider the problem of migration and its social and economic consequences as a permanent challenge for the OSCE (Oslo 2010, Astana 2008 and the second part of the Astana Declaration 2007);
- in accordance with the European Commission’s evaluation, immediate measures are taken by means of long-term programmes and initiatives aimed at addressing the root causes of irregular migration working in close co-operation with third countries especially countries of origin and transit;
- Welcoming the new regulation of the European Union Council of Ministers of 20 April 2015 (10 points action plan) on migration;
- recalling the final statement of the special meeting of the European Council on migration of 23 April 2015, establishing a stronger presence at sea in order to tackle the flow of illegal migrants (by reinforcing the Triton and Poseidon operations); reinforce legal and political instruments to prevent illegal migration flows and fight trafficking of human beings in the Mediterranean; and reinforce solidarity and responsibility among countries, in order to attains a common legal framework on the right to asylum;
- welcoming the decision of the European Commission on the new migration agenda of 13 May 2015, establishing resettlement mechanisms and country-specific quotas for the distribution of migrants Member States;
The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
- strongly reaffirms the full right of all people fleeing from persecution and armed conflict to apply for asylum in an OSCE country, as enshrined in the Geneva Convention and other international covenants;
- calls for concerted, consistent and determined action to be taken through the United Nations in order to fight against traffickers in human beings, who, in order to maximise profits, use inappropriate and dangerous means of transport through the Mediterranean that put the lives of thousand of people at risk;
- holds it essential that all Member States make efforts to make sure that ships in the Mediterranean comply with the “Montego Bay” UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, by rescuing vessels in distress transporting refugees and migrants;
- invites the European Union and especially Italy, whose decision to treble resources made available for Triton is highly commendable, to promote a fresh, more pervasive and effective search and rescue initiative;
- encourages Italy to make efforts for a EU humanitarian admittance plan, in order to set up application desks in transit countries in the Southern Mediterranean which, with the assistance of UNHCR, the European Union’s external action service and the embassies of Member countries, may receive asylum applications, according to set quotas and resettlement procedures and ensure that migrants can travel safely at no risk for their lives;
- supports the efforts of the European Union to develop migrant reception quotas for Member countries under a new Agency on Migration, calls for an increase in the number of migrants to be accepted and hopes that migrants will be provided with decent conditions of reception in full compliance with fundamental human rights and the international conventions on the protections of migrants and refugees;
- Invites the President and the Bureau of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly to strengthen the interparliamentary Mediterranean dimension, also through the Mediterranean Forum and the Special Representative on Migrations, for the purpose of tackling the challenge of migration and refugees in a consistent fashion, through an intensification of relations with Mediterranean countries of transit and origin, especially Libya and Syria.